Analyses indicated that there are significant differences in the characteristics of individuals as a function of the specific venue in which they met their spouse across on-line venues, on-line dating sites, and off-line venues (Tables S2–S4).
We also found that a surprising proportion of marriages now begin on-line.Marital discord is costly to children, families, and communities.The advent of the Internet, social networking, and on-line dating has affected how people meet future spouses, but little is known about the prevalence or outcomes of these marriages or the demographics of those involved.The 2011 American Time Use Survey indicates that, on average, men now spend 9.65% and women spend 6.81% of their leisure time on-line (1).The Internet has also changed how Americans meet their spouse.The rise in the Internet has transformed how Americans work, play, search, shop, study, and communicate.
Facebook has grown from its inception in 2004 to over a billion users, and Twitter has grown from its start in 2006 to more than 500 million users.
We performed a χ test to investigate the extent to which the percentage of marriages ending in separation or divorce differed for individuals who met their spouse on-line vs. The percentage of marital break-ups was lower for respondents who met their spouse on-line (5.96%) than off-line [7.67%; χ = 0.16].
For respondents categorized as currently married at the time of the survey, we examined marital satisfaction.
The demographic characteristics of the respondents who married between 20 as well as US Census data for married individuals indicated that the weighted sample of 19,131 respondents was generally representative (Table S1).
For each marriage, participants were asked the month and year of the marriage and, if the most recent marriage ended in divorce, the month and year of the divorce. 1, 92.01% of the sample reported being currently married, 4.94% reported being divorced, 2.50% reported being separated from their spouse, and 0.55% reported being widowed (7).
Analyses indicated that currently married respondents who met their spouse on-line reported higher marital satisfaction (M = 5.64, SE = 0.02, = 0.008).